Recommendations

Overcoming the security vocation in the external action of border control, governance, and repatriation, towards supporting the construction of a positive approach that enhances the benefits of mobility, develops a renewed partnership with African countries, invests in programs that promote the expansion of legal avenues, carries out a fight against trafficking that combines alternatives and local practices.

In compliance with current regulations – Legislative Decree 25 May 2016, n. 97 (FOIA) and LEGISLATIVE DECREE 25 May 2016, n. 97 (FOIA) and the ANAC Guidelines for the implementation of generalized civic access and publication obligations required by Legislative Decree 97/2016 – ensure greater transparency and access to information relating to projects and programs funded under the external action on migration.

Publicize all international agreements with repatriation clauses and all understandings (Memorandum of intent, police agreements, technical cooperation, etc.) and the so-called non- standard agreements that our country has entered into in recent years.

Italy should adopt adequate mechanisms to ensure that its resources are not used to violate the human rights of migrants and refugees. These mechanisms should be integrated into the entire process of definition, negotiation, implementation, and funding evaluation for programs, projects, bilateral agreements and participation in multilateral initiatives in the field of migration cooperation with third countries. To this end, it is important to strengthen the Italian Parliament’s role of control in defining, monitoring, and evaluating programs, projects and agreements, ensuring that it has full access to relevant information in order not to compromise the effectiveness of its control function. Parliament should also consider establishing an independent due diligence mechanism for ex-post and ex-ante evaluation of the human rights impact of external migration spending.

Eliminate any conditionality in future development cooperation programs implemented with Italian and European funds. To this end, ensure that the guidelines and priorities of the "Fund for Cooperation on Migration Movements" are in line with those contained in the three-year planning and planning document on development cooperation and do not in any way accompany negotiations in migration issues such as, for example, repatriations.

No longer postpone the adoption by the entire Italian development cooperation system of the "AICS Guidelines – Migration & Development", drawn up by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and discussed within the National Development Cooperation Council (CNCS).

Follow up on the recommendations of the Peer Review OECD / DAC 2019 on the subject of policy coherence, through the establishment of an operational mechanism which, enhancing the role of the Interministerial Committee for Development Cooperation (CICS), guarantees an effective method of guidance, monitoring, and control over the consistency of Italian external action policies.

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