If the user objects to such profiling cookies, the user can modify the choices through the tools offered by the browser used, by following the instruction given in the section “How to control and delete cookies”.
What is a cookie?
Cookies are information saved on the hard disc of the user’s device and are sent by the user’s browser to a Web server and concern the use of the web. So, they allow to recognise the services, the websites which are visited and the options which are chosen while browsing the web. In other words, cookies are small files of letters and numbers which are downloaded to your computer or mobile device when you visit a website.
Cookies are then sent back to the originating website on each subsequent visit, or to another website, which recognises that cookie. Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognise a user’s device. Cookies are not spontaneously and directly provided by the user, but they track user’s web browsing.
Cookies do many different jobs, like letting you navigate between pages efficiently, remembering your preferences, and generally improving your experience. They can also help to ensure that advertisements displayed during the navigation are more relevant to you and your interests, avoiding nuisance adverts or not of your interest or needs.
During a website browsing, the user can receive also cookies which are sent by other websites or servers’ website (so called: “third parties”) where there are some contents (e.g.: images, maps, sounds, specific links to other websites) which are displayed on the website you are browsing.
There are two broad categories of cookies:
- First party cookies, which are served directly by a website to your computer.
- Third party cookies, which are served by a third party on behalf of the website. We use third party cookies to help us analyse our websites and their use.
Cookies may be distinguished into these major groups: “technical”, “analytics”, “functional” and “profiling” cookies.
- Technical cookies are those used exclusively with a view of carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communications network. This is strictly necessary to provide the user with a service requested. They are not used for further purposes and are usually installed directly by the data controller or the website manager. They can be grouped into browsing or session cookies, which allow users to navigate and use a website
- Analytics cookies can be equated to technical cookies insofar as they are used directly by the website manager to collect aggregate information on the number of visitors and the pattern of visits to the website
- Functional cookies allow users to navigate as a function of certain pre-determined criteria such as language or services required by the users to improve the quality of service
- Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user’s profiles. They are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences shown by the user during navigation. Users’ prior consent is necessary to install these cookies.
- understand the total number of visitors to our websites on an ongoing basis and the types of internet browsers (e.g. Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer / Microsoft Edge) and operating systems (e.g. Windows or iOS) used by our visitors;
- monitor our websites’ performance, including how visitors navigate our websites, and to improve our websites;
- customise and improve user’s on-line experience, or
- profile the user for promotional customised purposes, according to the preferences and interests manifested by the user in the network, both on this website than on other websites.
What categories of cookies we use and how to control them
The cookies used can be classified into one of the categories listed in the table below, which shows you how to express your consent, if needed, or rectify it (if already expressed) to accept or to refuse the various types of cookies.
|Type of cookie||What cookie does||Source and how to block cookie|
|Essential website cookies (session and navigation)||These cookies are essential to enable you to move around our website and use its features. These cookies do not gather information about you that could be used for marketing purposes or remembering where you have been on the Internet. These cookies are often session-specific, expiring after your visit to the website (session) has ended. They are casual numbers generated by the server and are necessary to allow a safe and effective navigation in the website. This category of cookies cannot be disabled.||(first party cookie)|
|Functional cookies||These cookies allow our website to remember choices you make (such as username, language chosen or region you are in) and provide enhanced, more personal features. The information these cookies collect may be anonymised and they cannot track your browsing activity on other websites. This category of cookies cannot be disabled.||(first party cookie)|
|Third parties functional and advertising cookies||These cookies are used to provide contents on our website through third parties. Data collected by third parties can be used for further purposes, including advertising purposes. The user can express consent as shown in the cookie policies whose links are found in the next column.||Cookies policy|
|Third party analytics and advertising cookies||These cookies, including cache cookies, are set by Google Analitycs, and are used to collect information about how visitors use our website, including the number of visitors, the websites that referred them to our website and the pages that they visited on our website. We use this information to compile reports and to help us improve our websites, for example, by letting us know if users find any errors and by ensuring that users find what they are looking for easily. Typically, these cookies stay on your computer until you delete them. Below you can read how third parties use these cookies.
|Advertising and profiling cookies||These cookies are used to collect information on website and pages visited by the users, on our websites and on third parties’ websites, which can mean, for example, users’ interests and characteristics. Such cookies are used to provide advertising and commercial communications in line with the user’s profile. They are also used to limit the frequency of advertising activity and understand how effective a marketing campaign is. They are stored on the user’s device until deleted and they remind the visit of the website. Besides, they can give information on how the user has come to our website through an advertising link. They may be shared with other organisations, such as publishers and contractors, which may use them together with other information about how the user uses other websites, for instance detecting interests and behaviour characteristics shared with other groups of users who visit our (and others’) websites.||ActionAid International Italia Onlus|
Technologies similar to cookies
We use technologies similar to cookies, including the so-called “flash cookies”, browser history analysis, browser fingerprints, and pixel tags (also called “web beacon”). These technologies provide us and our suppliers with information on how the website and its contents are used e allow us to identify if the computer or the device visited our website or other websites in the past. Our servers automatically gather IP address of the user. This information is recorded with the only purpose of storing the user’s choice to accept or not to accept cookies when accessing the website. We could also collect “clickstream data” concerning the use of the website. These data include, for example, information on user’s computer or device, browser and operative system and settings, page source and displayed contents or that the user has clicked during the visit, as well as time and means of these operations, downloaded contents, website visited after the visit on ours, and any search term used by the visitors or on a redirecting website.
How to control and delete cookies
The user can freely choose whether to accept or not cookies. In the following, some information on how to make your choice. We remind you that if you remove or delete one or more cookies some functionalities of the website may not work properly and, if the user has expressed consent for profiling the advertisements could be not of interest. If you choose to manage your cookies preferences, our technical tools install a cookie to allow us to meet the user’s preferences. If you remove or delete cookies, your preferences are deleted too; such choices need to be set again.
You can block cookies by using the options provided by your browser (see, for example, “Help”, “Tools” or “Modify”). You can directly disable one or more categories of cookies, but this does not mean that cookies are deleted in your browser. So, you must rectify your choice directly on the browser.
If you want to delete, disable or rectify your choice about cookies installed on the device you use, have access to the settings of your browser or use the pages provided by third parties to do so.
In the following, links to third parties’ pages where you can find information about cookies settings and how to make your choice:
If you use a mobile device, see the user’s guide. For further information about cookies, how to check the ones installed, how to manage or remove them, visit www.allaboutcookies.org.
Cookies previously installed
If the user has disabled one or more cookies, we will be able to use information gathered before this action carried out through preferences. Anyway, since now on, we will not use disabled cookies to gather further information.